Barriers facing teachers of color (part 2)

 

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While the Center for American Progress  report outlined the barriers facing educators of color in the public school system, it also provided recommendations to alleviate these obstacles both on a federal and state level.

Federal government recommendations:

  • Create a national teaching corp that rivals those that current exists in the private sector.
  • Fund teaching preparedness programs at minority-serving institutions.
  • Implement incentives for talented students of color going into careers in education.

State government recommendations:

  • Provide scholarships to future teachers that are connected with teacher training programs that currently exist.
  • Adjust compensation packages for talented teachers of color to match those of other comparable professions.
  • Back state and local initiatives that aim to recruit more educators of color.

Adedotun Ogunbajo, Joint Center Graduate Scholar, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health

Barriers facing teachers of color (part 1)

A new report by the Center for ATeachers of colormerican Progress has shed more light on the barriers and difficulties that inhibit diversification of teachers in the US education sector. It is widely known that the teaching force in the US is mostly comprised of caucasian teachers. However,  the general US population continues to diversify. This report outlines how the current system is failing students of color and how that inadvertently shrinks the pool of future minority teachers. Various barriers exists starting from elementary level education to retention of teachers of color. All of these  contribute to low representation on in the teaching workforce. Some of data presented in the paper include:

  • African American students are less likely to graduate from high school and college, which serves as a major barrier to an eventual career as an educator.
  • The pass rate of Praxis I and II, major teaching certification examinations , are twice as high in Whites compared to African Americans.
  • Teachers of color are more likely to leave the teaching profession, with the major reason being  lack of support.

Adedotun Ogunbajo, Joint Center Graduate Scholar, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health

 

Divided Supreme Court upholds Michigan’s ban on affirmative action

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Divided Court upholds Michigan’s ban on affirmative action: In Plain English.

Yesterday, the Supreme Court upheld the Michigan constitutional amendment that bans affirmative action in admissions to public universities.  Justice Kennedy stressed the decision was not based on the constitutionality of having a race-conscious admission process, but instead was centered around whether voters can choose to prohibit such policies.  “The Court can’t decide that an issue like affirmative action is too hard or too ‘delicate’ for voters to take on; doing so would be both an ‘unprecedented restriction’ on the voters’ ability to exercise their joint right and demeaning to the democratic process.”

Justice Sotomayor stated in her dissent to the courtroom, “…without checks, democratically approved legislation can oppress minority groups. For that reason our constitution places limits on what a majority of the people may do…For members of historically marginalized groups, which rely on the federal courts to protect their constitutional rights, the decision can hardly bolster hope for a vision of democracy that preserves for all the right to participate meaningfully and equally in self-government.”

Please click here for more information on the Supreme Court’s decision in Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action.

 

Morgan McLeod is the Program Assistant and New Media Strategist at the Joint Center

 

 

 

Addressing STEM Disparities for the Future

Although the field of technology continues to grow, there is a shortage of qualified technology professionals.  In the publication Stem Urgency, researchers Joseph S. Miller and Dr. John H. Horrigan recommend an improvement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) programs in order to address this shortage and to address the disparity in minority representation in these fields, which should be a national priority.

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Sources: Economics and Statistics Administration, Good Jobs Now and for the Future, 1 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce, 2011); Bureau of Labor Statistics, Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations: a visual essay (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 2011).

 

  • Only 25% of Science and Engineering degree holders and 28% of people working in Science and Engineering careers are non-white
  • Raw SAT overall scores for Black and Hispanic students are on average 200 to 300 points lower than white students
  • In 21 of the 25 states with the largest Black populations, annual spending per pupil is less than Massachusetts, which is the state with the highest education quality in the United States

Patrice Garnette, Joint Center Graduate Scholar, The George Washington University Law School

 

New study sheds light on quality of life of African Americans

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A recent research project, carried out by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation in conjunction with Ebony magazine, has shed some light on the quality of life for African Americans. The survey included 1,005 African Americans from across the country and probed a myriad of issues including access to healthcare, home ownership, income inequalities, and education.

A vast majority (80%) of respondents reported being satisfied with their overall daily life. Ratings of satisfaction varied by geographical location, with satisfaction levels highest in the west (90% of participants were very satisfied) and lowest in the east (32% of participants were very satisfied). When probed about the state of their finances within the past five years, there were mixed responses from participants. About half (47%) reported that their finances had gotten “somewhat better” while 22% said it had gotten “somewhat worse”

In regards to home ownership, 49% of participants were renters at their current residence and 48% owned the homes that they were currently residing. Home ownership varied across age groups with older respondents reporting owning homes at higher rates compared to younger respondents.  The topic of income inequality was of major concern to most participants. Over half (58%) expressed that they were “very concerned” about the issue of income inequality and this concern varied by geographical location, with participants in the Northeast showing the most concern (75% reported being “very concerned”).

Interestingly, 79% of respondents reported having some form of health care coverage. This number is significant due to the issues surrounding health disparities and limited access to healthcare in the African American community. There were differences in access to healthcare across groups, with higher income and educated individuals reporting more recent routine visits to the hospital.

 

Adedotun Ogunbajo, Joint Center Graduate Scholar, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health 

PLUS Problems for HBCUs

iipdigital.usembassy.gov

Dianne Hayes’ article “Obama Administration Plans Changes to Parent PLUS Loans” explains that Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have seen a 19% drop in funding due to student loan denials as a result of the U.S. Department of Education’s change in the eligibility requirements for Parent PLUS loans.  Many parents who previously used the PLUS loans were denied and could not cover the cost of their children attending college according to Allie Bidwell’s US News and World Report article.  Bidwell explains that proponents of the change indicate that new eligibility requirements address the issue of families borrowing more than they can afford to repay because previously there was no cap in the amount of the PLUS loans that could be taken out.  The same article notes that opponents of the change say that many students from low-income families will no longer be able to afford the cost of college.

Hayes explains that civic organizations including the Congressional Black Caucus, NAFEO, UNCF, Thurgood Marshall College Fund, as well as parents and students put pressure on the U.S. Department of Education to address the drastic change in PLUS loan eligibility.  In response, the U.S. Department now qualifies families with recent but small-scale debt for PLUS loans by appeal.

The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) says more changes need to be made.  The UNCF’s report “An Urgent Crisis Facing Students at the Nation’s HBCUs” suggests the U. S. Department of Education take following remedial steps:

  • Immediately restore old eligibility criteria & grandfather in students who previously received Parent PLUS loans
  • In the short term, provide alternative means by which families can pay for college & meet with HBCU presidents to devise a better plan
  • In the long term: “implement statutory changes to improve the PLUS Loan program”

Patrice Garnette, Joint Center Graduate Scholar, The George Washington University Law School

A Path for All: Closing the Racial Achievement Gap

Many Americans identify education as a path toward success.  The racial achievement gap in American schools, however, stands in the way of a significant number of minority children’s realization of a successful future.  The Annie E. Casey Foundation’s KIDS COUNT Data Book extrapolates a change in the racial demographics of children over the next 15 years – as the percentages of minority groups increase, the foundation foresees the number of white children decreasing.  Therefore, addressing the racial achievement gap will become increasingly more necessary as time progresses.

For that reason, The Annie E. Casey Foundation compiles the Race for Results Index, which collects a range of data for various groups of people of color.  The results from the Index shows some of the barriers facing minority children are under-resourced and unsafe schools, as well as poverty-stricken and violent communities.

The PBS documentary “180 Days” further demonstrates the impact of a student’s circumstances on the student’s achievement. Through a series of episodes following students and families of an inner-city high school, the documentary examines the specific struggles that arise when school and community resources are few.

Patrice Garnette, Joint Center Graduate Scholar, The George Washington University Law School

Joan Ganz Cooney Center – Less Than Half of Kids’ Screen Time is Educational: Stats and Studies, 1/27/2014

study from the Joan Ganz Cooney Center finds that children ages 2 to 10 spend less than half of their electronic screen-time interacting with educational material. The study also finds that time spent on educational activities decreases as the amount of time a child spends on an electronic screen increases, which also correlates with an increase in a child’s age. Two- to 4-year-olds spent a little over two hours a day using a screen, averaging an hour and 16 minutes on educational activities, while 8- to 10-year-olds spent more than two and a half hours each day using a screen, with only 42 minutes considered educational.

Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler declared the Commission’s commitment to strengthening E-Rate to provide schools and libraries with better Internet connections.

NPD Group is backing away from a recent study in which it claimed subscription video services like Netflix may be leading to a decline in premium cable subscriptions. This action came after Showtime, HBO and Starz produced data from SNL Kagan demonstrating a rise in subscribersNPD Group maintains that its study does indicate that the overall number of premium TV subscribers did fall, but that individual customers are becoming more faithful to their cable service by subscribing to more channels or adding channels over time.

Another NPD Group publication, the Connected Home Reportfinds smartphone penetration growing in the United States from 52 percent in Q4 2012 to six-in-ten mobile phone users in Q4 2013. Apple and Samsung continue to dominate the smartphone market, increasing from 35 and 22 percent of users to 42 and 26 percent of users, respectively.

The 2014 Edelman Trust Barometer shows that trust in the media has fallen in nearly 80 percent of countries surveyed since the last Trust Barometer study in 2013. Media trust in the United States fell from 51 to 42 percent, below the global average of 52 percent. Globally, online search engines and traditional media are considered more trustworthy than hybrid media, social media and owned media.

new survey from Consumer Intelligence Research Partners shows that wireless customers have warmed to early upgrades and financing plans for unsubsidized phones. From July to December 2013, about 31 percent of eligible customers from the four major carriers chose a financing plan to purchase their phone.

Nearly 3000 television stations were sold in 2013, a 205 percent increase from 2012according to BIA/Kelsey.

Seven new specialty web domains are set for release this week, including .bike, .guru and .clothing.

Pew: Public Libraries Still Important to Americans – MTI Stats and Studies, 12/16/2013

Americans still value public libraries in their communities according to a new report from the Pew Research Center. Ninety percent of those surveyed said that the closure of their local library would have an impact on their community. While not considered the most important among library services, 58 percent of those surveyed found computer and Internet services at their local library to be “very” or “somewhat” important to their families, including 56 percent of Internet users without home access, who find the services “very important.”

Millennials do read newspapers, but not always traditional print, according to the Newspaper Association of America. Of young adults between the ages of 18 and 34, 56 percent read newspaper media content in print or online. Seventy-one percent of millennials who are online access digital newspaper content over an average month, while 60 percent of millennials consuming newspaper content in print or online consider their paper to be trustworthy.

Time-shifted video and video-on-demand continues to grow in popularity. Consumer research from the Leichtman Research Group found that 47 percent of U.S. households have at least one DVR, up from 40 percent in 2010 and 23 percent in 2007. Sixty-one percent of cable subscribers have used video on demand, compared to 43 percent in 2008 and 10 percent in 2004. And Netflix subscribers watch an average of 19.6 TV shows each month, up from 12.7 in 2012 and 9.9 in 2011.

Hour of Code, an initiative encouraging children to take computer programming tutorials during Computer Science Education Week, is expected to reach 15 million kids with coding courses. As per this report from AllThingsD, 73 percent of Hour of Code students were from the United States and 51 percent were female.

The Center for Data Innovation’s The Internet of Things report identifies a variety of Internet-connected devices and the solutions they can provide to dilemmas in society. Notable examples include wireless bridge sensors to detect structural changes, smart pill bottles that send phone calls or text messages if a dose is missed and the Air Quality Egg, which senses the air in a small location, like a home, and aggregates the data for personal use.

ZenithOptimedia and GroupM predict that the global ad market will become more competitive as Internet-based ads go head-to-head with television ads. While TV will still deliver growth in ad spending – from 40.2 percent in 2013 to a projected 39.9 percent in 2016 – the rise in digital media and online video will boost Internet ad share from 20.6 percent in 2013 to 26.6 percent in 2016. Mobile advertising, in particular, is projected to grow by an average of 50 percent a year between 2013 and 2016.

Apple and Samsung are dominating United States smartphone sales according to Canaccord Genuity. The iPhone 5S, Samsung Galaxy S4 and iPhone 5C have been the top three best-selling smartphones at all four major wireless carriers since September 2013.